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Ford pumps $4.5B into electrifying 40% of its global product line by 2020

Ford Motor Co. is accelerating its electrified vehicle development program, backed by a recent $4.5 billion investment aimed at making 40% of the company’s global vehicles hybrids, plug-in hybrids (PHEVs), and battery-electrics by 2020.

Ford will add 13 new EVs and hybrids over the next four model years, raising the percentage of electrified vehicles in its lineup from 13% in 2015. PHEVs will be the fastest-growing type of electrified vehicle, according to Raj Nair, Executive Vice President of Product Development and CTO. Nair noted that Ford is the current North American market leader in PHEVs.

A Focus Electric with a 100-mi (161-km) range and DC fast charge capability will enter production in late 2016. The SAE Level 2 charging system will deliver an 80% state of charge in 30 min, Nair said. The current Focus EV can travel 76 mi (122 km) between charges. At a recent media event in Dearborn, Nair was repeatedly asked about Ford’s response to the recently unveiled 2017 Chevrolet Bolt EV, which GM claims will have a 200-mi (322-km) range on a single charge.

Ford Powertrain sources tell Automotive Engineering that the company has “a variety of electrified programs in the works” including a hybridized powertrain for light trucks and improved versions of its current PHEVs. The sources indicated that Ford may unveil at the 2016 North American International Auto Show in Detroit an improved version of its Fusion Energi for 2017, with greater EV range than the incumbent model’s 21 mi (34 km).

Ford’s amped-up investment strategy comes at a time of depressed North American sales of electrified cars in general, a result of low retail gasoline prices. Deliveries in 2015 through November of Ford’s C-Max, Fusion, and Lincoln MKZ hybrid versions fell 25% to 59,301 units, according to Autodata.

Sales slid 41% for Nissan’s Leaf EV, 23% for Chevrolet’s Volt plug-in hybrid, and 12% for the Toyota Prius.

Ford is significantly expanding its Electrified Powertrain Engineering program in Dearborn. It hired an additional 120 engineers in 2015 and plans to add more in 2016. Last fall Ford, along with partners the University of Michigan and the Michigan Economic Development Corp., announced a $9 million battery lab at the university to help develop more energy- and power-dense, lower cost battery cells.

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Choosing A Gps Fleet Tracking System

The global positioning system (GPS) incorporates 24 satellites all positioned in the orbit. GPS fleet tracking systems use TIGTrack tracking software to monitor vehicles and other road users by equipping users with real-time alerts and update by use of available data received by the monitoring operator from the devices via the satellite thus having an eye on the devices from a central point, useful in ensuring traffic operates optimally by having responsible drivers, thus safe fleet movement. It require embedded hardware installation in the fleet devices then linked to the satellite to give it signals which the GPS tracking system gets from the satellites and use them to locate, monitor and track devices location. Multiple satellites are used in triangulating these locations thus the accuracy and effectiveness of the device depends on and is directly proportional to the number of satellites it can see.

The choice of the most suitable system depends on how its features match the requirement of the expected fleet management area. Preferably, the chosen system should offer a wide range of standard features, with no extra cost. Such factors include customer support program and features, fuel card integration, excellent navigation, communication and interaction capabilities and trending on-key metrics dashboards.

The system should allow for real time live or electronic (emails, videos extra) contacting, be available any time needed, incorporate documentation options and help-desk services. Consider the third-party integration capabilities to enable save time via automatic payroll, into account data, software and attendance syncing. Thirdly, the system should be customer affordable, realistic, not complicated to use by requiring much training and high technology operational skills or having in-person and virtual demonstrations, instead be easy to use by beginners.

Equally important, the preferred system should enable system alerts by sending warning signals or written messages in case of malfunctioning or malpractices within the monitored device. Ensure the system of choice allow alerts setting for preferred occurrences such as over drunk and off-route drives and other unsafe traffic practices. The GPS tracking system of choice should be always reliable, not keep losing signal by dropping connectivity in certain geographical areas such as down-hills and tunnels. Finally, consider the availability of the mobile access i.e. ability to support various web-based versions and mobile applications and their availability for different devices of prevalence. Also check the ability to access the latter services anytime, from anywhere such as 3G locations.

Though such systems experience a major limitation of employee pushback, the condition is highly manageable thus making the system the best of its king in fleet management. The task is all about selecting the most suitable solution to carb business challenges and delivers the most rewards. Long-term partner tracking companies are most preferred for location and service intelligence.

Top Blogs For Auto Care Tips

Any driver knows that auto care and auto maintenance can be costly and time-consuming. Nonetheless, if you know where to look for tips and advice on auto care and auto repair, you can take the necessary steps to protect your car without hurting your wallet. This article discusses the top blogs for auto care tips, advice, guides and everything else you need to know in order to keep your car in good condition at all times.

1. Auto Mechanic

This blog revolves around auto repair and maintenance. The blog is regularly updated, and the posts cover common auto care issues, including taillight maintenance, tire repair and replacement.

2. The Humble Mechanic

This blog is owned by Charles Sanville, a Volkswagen-based mechanic and technician. His blog offers auto repair tips and advice as well as photos of his own work.

3. Automotive Blog

The Automotive Blog is ideal for all car enthusiasts. In addition to offering auto care tips, the blog presents all the latest news in the auto industry. Moreover, it provides expert analysis of new car concepts and industry trends.

4. Free Automotive Mechanic

As the name suggests, free automatic mechanic blog offer free auto care advice. In addition, this seasoned mechanic is available to answer all of our questions about buying, repairing or maintaining your car, especially if you canât find specific answers on the blog. All you need to do is to send him an email.

5. The Allstate Blog

The auto section of the blog offers auto maintenance tips as well as general selling and buying guides. Safe driving is also adequately covered, to help you keep your car safe and stay safe on the roads.

6. Cary Car Care Blog

The author of this blog is a seasoned mechanic who is located in Cary, North Carolina. His blog revolves around auto repair and maintenance as well as tips on diagnosing auto issues.

7. Auto Repair Information

On this popular auto care blog, ASE-certified mechanic Mark provides expert tips on troubleshooting, auto repair and maintenance.

8. Popular Mechanics

Popular Mechanics is another must-visit blog that is ideal for every car enthusiast. From how-to guides on DIY car repair to compelling articles on buying new and worthwhile cars, this blog has it all.

9. Fairfax Auto Repair

Fairfax Auto Repair is a seasoned technician based in Fairfax, VA. Their blog features posts about auto repair and auto maintenance as well as road safety tips.

10. Jalopnik

This blog features auto repair tips as well as hot new cars and the latest news in the industry for all car enthusiasts. The regularly-updated blog also has impressive posts on automotive technology and the industry as a whole.

By following the helpful tips from these top blogs for auto care, you will certainly have a great, safe ride.

The Difference Between Alloy And Steel Wheels

Wheels are essential components in every vehicle. These days, there are a number of different materials used in fabricating these from carbon fiber to a plastic and rubber compound mix. Two of the most popular varieties are alloy and steel wheels.

But which one is the far better option? Both of these wheel types are available from have their fair share of pros and cons. When a driver is concerned with beauty and performance, alloy wheels work best. In the case of a wheel requirement calling for toughness, durability, and inexpensiveness, steel wheels should be considered.

Most cars now come with alloy wheels as a standard inclusion not only because they offer both a good look and quality performance but also because these can be worked into so many designs. Alloy is a material that is quite easy to cast offering easy customizability when it comes to wheels. And unlike steel, this is a much lighter material making the wheel more agile and accommodating of a greater level of acceleration.

Unlike their steel counterparts, being lightweight allows the alloy wheels to bend with ease when they are exposed to road impact. But as they lessen the shock felt by the driver or passengers, the wheel becomes vulnerable to cracking via over bending. Although different finishes can be applied to alloy wheel, these become more vulnerable to cosmetic damage including corrosion and scratches.

As for steel wheels, they are known for their unsprung weight. This is because the heaviness of the material means that the suspension springs cannot support the weight entirely. This is why even the smallest change in the weight carried by the vehicle can have a strong effect on how the ride feels.

Steel wheels are probably the heaviest types of wheels there are. The weight easily dampens the agility not to mention the acceleration capabilities of the vehicle. Cars are much more difficult to drive. Seemingly undesirable in most conditions, this tank-like feature is actually beneficial when vehicles are driven across wet or snowy roads.

Even if they are heavier than their alloy counterparts, the added weight makes steel wheels stronger. More force is required to bend them and it is almost impossible for these to crack. Cosmetic issues also do not exist for steel wheels because of their utilitarian design. Drivers that favor larger wheels will also have a problem with the steel types as these can only be made with a 17-inch diameter at the largest.

Luxury Airport Transfers: Common Questions To Address

Luxury Road Events prides itself on providing topnotch party bus services that make peoples travels more swanky, comfortable and exciting. It applies not just to celebrations such as corporate events, weddings, bachelor/bachelorette parties, birthdays or prom nights but to airport transfers as well. In fact, our clients have given us great feedback and commended us for turning what couldve been a dull couple of hours on the road into the ride of their lives. We are happy every time we give such unforgettable experiences!

We would like to clear the air on some of the questions that people may ask about airport transfers in limos or party buses. This would allow you a better perspective of why we continue doing what we do, especially if havent tried our services.

Why should I ride one of these when there are cabs?

While it is true that taxis are always going to be around in airports, you should take note that there are queues you would have to go through. If you were heading to the airport, you would also end up wasting time calling for one or signaling one on the road. You wouldnt be able to predict how long doing so might take. Also, if you were among a group of more than four, you would need to get multiple cabs. Wouldnt everything be easier and more enjoyable if you were all together in one spacious vehicle? And wouldnt it be better to have transport that could pick you up at the exact time you want? One that could take you to your destination without being uncertain with directions?

Isnt pubic transportation a faster option?

Even though the answer may be a technical yes, there are a number of other things you should consider. First, it might only be faster by a matter of minutes. Second, you would be subjected to crowdedness and standing in lines. Third, you might encounter problems while bringing along or stowing heavy luggage, as there could be weight restrictions in some metros, trains or buses. None of those issues exist when you are taking one of our services.

Arent luxury airport transfers only for the wealthy and privileged?

That is a common misconception. There wouldnt be thousands of limo or party bus hire companies if only affluent people hired them. Our clients could be anyone from CEOs to middle-class families to a group of college students. There are different affordable services for people to choose from.

Would the driver be allowed to wait if my flight got delayed for quite a bit?

We do our best to make enough allowance for any delays in your airport arrival. However, there are times when your chauffeur would have no choice but to leave due to another booking. The good news is that we are very efficient with getting you a backup ride in that case. If your flight gets cancelled or you wouldnt get to leave until the next day, just get in touch with us. We would have no problem accommodating you for the time when your alternative flight arrives.

How You Can Sell Your Van Quickly

Do you have an old van that you need to get rid of? You shouldn't feel as though you have to throw your van in the trash! There's a very good chance that you can sell that van, even if it's in poor shape.

If you want to sell your van quickly, here are a few things you should try:

Step One: Look At The Value Of Your Van

Use something like Kelly's Blue Book to check the value of your van. Provide as much information as you possibly can. If you are able to provide the right information, you'll be able to get a more accurate quote.

Knowing what your van is worth will give you a better idea of what your options are. If your van is still fairly valuable, you might be able to sell it privately or trade it into a dealership. If it isn't worth much, you might want to sell it for scrap.

Step Two: Consider Your Options

Think about the different options that you have, and decide which one would work best for you. What is more important to you? Do you want to get as much money as possible, or do you want to get cash quickly? Are you willing to put up with a lot of hassle, or do you want something that's quick and easy.

Going to a dealership or selling to a company that buys junk cars will probably be your best bet. You'll be able to get the money you need right away.

Step Two: Get Your Cash

Once you've gone over all of your options, make your choice and get your money. You may be surprised at how much your van is actually worth. Even a van that is in bad shape can be sold for parts. You can turn a beat-up old van into some cold, hard, cash.

You should be able to get the money you need immediately. Once you have your cash in hand, you can start putting it towards other things. You could use the money to buy a new car, or to cover the cost of bills. The choice is up to you.

As you can see, it's perfectly possible to sell your van quickly. No matter what your van looks like, you should be able to get a decent amount of money for it. Value isn't always in the eye of the beholder.

Best Auto Window Tint - How To Find The Right Shop For Your Needs

Have you ever seen a gorgeous car pass by with flawless paint job and stellar window tint that adds to the overall aesthetics of the vehicle? If so, you might have thought to yourself that it is exactly what you want for your own car. Not only does the tint give an extra touch of sophistication to the vehicle, but it offers numerous benefits in prolonging the life span of your precious car, considering the amount of money you have invested on it.

With this in mind, it helps to know how you should look for the best auto window tint that meets your needs. Here are some of the things you may want to know when it comes to choosing the right experts for this type of auto service:

1. Make an online search of potential auto glass tinting companies in your area.

The first thing you need to do is to make a simple online search and find out your options for reputable glass tint shops near you. This is an easy thing to do since it can be completed in a few minutes, since nearly every business on the planet has a website. Check out the About Us page, try to find out more about the company and how long has it been in the business, so you can determine if it is the right option for you or not.

2. Learn more about the services and rates offered.

There are different brands of window films, as well as additional services offered by a tinting shop that you might want to know, so be sure to get the details. These pieces of information may be found on their website, or you can also make an inquiry over the phone. The most important thing is for you to know the service you need the most, the amount of money it costs, and whether or not this meets your budget.

3. Check customer feedback for further assistance in making a smart choice.

As people talk about a particular business, you will learn more about the kind of customer service that it can provide. This is why it helps to check reviews of actual customers, which will guide you further in making a decision. However, do not just take their word for it. You also have to do extensive research by asking the company your questions, and just decide once you have received all the details you need to know.

Keep these guidelines in mind as you search for the best auto tint shop near you, so you can get the results you want in the end.

Exploring And Racing Small Hovercraft

Related to the exploration aspect, driving a personal hovercraft makes excellent cinematography for home-made videos, apart form the obvious fun that you're having! Think of it as being like your GoPro, but ten times better. Filming a hovercraft in action, whether it's skimming 9 inches above a swamp, or passing smoothly through a grassland will get you some great shots. Hey, if it's good enough for James Bond (Die Another Day, in case you're wondering which film it cam from), it's good enough for you. Think of all the amazing chase scenes you could plan and execute!

Another reason you might use an air cushioned craft (that's another name for this mode of transport) for fun or luxury is in racing hovercraft . Races occur both in informal contexts, such as among friends, and in formal contexts, such as in professional races organized by clubs. Racing is a lot of fun, but the safety aspects are also important. Not only are you zooming by, enjoying different landscapes and scenery, but since the art of racing these terrific vehicles is still very much an uncommon hobby, there aren't an incredible lot of competitors in any given areas. Without a doubt, competition will increase over time and this will also drive technological developments to make these craft even more efficient.

Chances are you know the people you're racing against, so you can be friendly towards each other. And, because many personal hovercraft riders belong to clubs, maybe you and your rivals are actually your friends to begin with. Moreover, you can achieve pretty decent speeds. Most of the vehicles can go up to 45 miles per hour, though some models are yet faster. It's a bot like a jockey on a horse - the lighter the operator, the faster it can go within reason

If you want to explore with, or race with,a personal hovercraft in the US, you don't need a license. They are registered as boats as opposed to planes or car, and, as such, they fall under the jurisdiction of the American Coast Guard. Driving them can be difficult at first, but it's relatively simple to pick up. An ACV has throttle controls to direct the engines and handlebar. Alternately, it may have a joystick, which has the purpose of controlling the rudders for more efficient steering. ACVs can be flown throughout the year, because they are adapted to different environments, and they are waterproof.

Tips For Shopping For A Used Mini In Kent

If you are looking for a compact car that is not only stylish but also gets great gas mileage, a MINI could be just the answer. These cars are surprisingly roomy inside, making them the ideal choice for anyone who is looking for a way to reduce their environmental impact without having to sacrifice comfort. The following tips for shopping for a used MINI in Kent should help you find the perfect car for your needs.

1. Identify the features you are looking for. By writing down all of the things that you want in a car before you start shopping, you will be in a better position to find precisely what you need. Think about factors such as whether you want a manual or automatic transmission, a sunroof, a convertible top, leather seats, air conditioning, cruise control, or any other features. Write down everything that you want and then sort the items based on how important they are to you. This will help ensure that you get all of the most important features that you want in your vehicle.

2. Set a budget before you start shopping. Sit down and crunch the numbers to determine how much you can comfortably afford to pay each month for your car payment. This will help you avoid the temptation to overspend once you start shopping. Sometimes, it is easy to get sucked in by a salesperson. This is especially true if you see a car that you really want that is just out of your reach. By having a solid figure in mind that is the maximum that you can afford to pay, you can avoid overextending yourself financially, helping to ensure that you can easily make your car payments on time each month.

3. Clean up your credit report. The amount of interest that you will have to pay on your car loan is directly related to your credit score. The higher your score is, the lower the interest rate you will get on your loan. This can add up to significant savings over the life of your loan. Order a copy of your credit report before you start shopping. Dispute any incorrect information on your report. Additionally, make an effort to pay down any existing credit cards as much as possible before you begin looking for a car. This can help boost your score.

4. Check online first. Rather than wasting a lot of time driving around to a bunch of different car lots, try doing a quick online search to see which vehicles are available in the Kent area. This can save you a ton of time and effort, allowing you to find the car that you want much more quickly. If you find any that you are interested in online, write down the address of the dealership and visit in person. This will help you see the car for yourself and take it for a test drive so that you can determine whether or not it lives up to your expectations.

These tips for shopping for a used MINI in Kent should help you find the perfect car for your day-to-day needs.

How Many Engines Should A Small Hovercraft Have?

The quick answer to the question is that an air cushioned craft should have as many as it needs to perform safely, but this is not much help when faced with the decision to buy a personal hovercraft. The number of small hovercraft manufacturers has blossomed over the past few years and there are huge variations in performance and material used, depending upon their use in service.

A racing enthusiast lives by the mantra 'the lower the power to weight ratio the better'. To achieve a great ratio, the machine must be made as light as possible, which means that the hull will be streamlined and on-board fitments kept to a minimum. The usual stainless steel accessories would be exchanged for aluminium, which is rigid and light, but strong. A further consideration is that racing ACVs are steered partly by handlebars, and partly by the pilot literally throwing his weight towards the side he wants to travel. A lighter craft would make this easier to do.

Such a craft would have just one two stroke engine, simply because they are lighter - they have no extra oil sump, for example. A duct arrangement is need to separate the airflow form the single fan so that some is directed to the rear, and some underneath the hull for lift and hover. The irony is that extra ducting represents extra weight, so it's a compromise. As might be imagined, safety or noise reduction isn't the primary concern of a racing pilot. He wants to go faster and win against the other competitors. For this reason, racing vehicles always have just one light-weight engine.

In the leisure market, there is more scope for choice and indeed both styles can be found. While it simplifies things enormously if one engine provides forward motion while another pushes air underneath the hull, we have the questions of cost and weight. Weight isn't too much of an issue, as a family man would place the safety of his children at the top of his list of 'must have' features. If two engines are used, then the cost of extra maintenance and fuel should be taken into account, while the designers should have factored in the extra weight when calculating the power needed to 'get over the hump'. This term is applied to the process of lifting a hovercraft off from standing water and requires much more power than just keeping it hovering. More information

Don't Let Car Shopping Wear You Out

When you are trying to get an honest deal on the Ferrari for sale, you can often be fooled into the worst deal ever. It takes knowledge of the buying process and the techniques of the salesmen in order to get the deal you need. Don't let them fool you! Take advantage of these helpful tips!

Do not buy a car just because it is a good deal. You have to live with this car after you take it home, so it needs to be something that you really like and that works for you and your family. You also need to make sure you can really afford it.

Make a wish list of cars that you are interested in. You have seen many cars in advertisements and on the road. It should be easy for you to build a solid list of vehicles that would suit your style. You can add a couple of dream cars that seem out of your range; however, be realistic about what you can afford.

If you aren't concerned about getting the absolutely latest model, consider car shopping in November or December. During this time frame, dealerships will offer deals on the current models. They want to clear out their inventory to make way for shipments of the next year's models. This means that you will be offered more incentives, lower sticker prices, and more room to negotiate!

Do not rule a car out because it is lacking certain features you want. For instance, if you do not like the sound system of the car, it can always be changed. It is hard to find a car that has everything exactly the way you want it; just keep an open mind and remember that you can make these changes once the car is yours!

Most salespeople have monthly quotas they need to meet. They have to sell X number of cars monthly, and knowing this puts you in the proverbial driver's seat. Salesmen short on sales will want to increase their totals. These quotas will help you be able to argue out a better deal.

Once you know how much you have to spend, find out about the cars within that range. Learn about the car itself, its miles per gallon, number of doors, trunk space, driver's reviews, safety record and how frequently it needs repairs on average. Assign each a rating and go for those at the top of the list.

Make the right car purchase for yourself by deciding major things before entering a store. This includes things like mileage, make, model and even color. You can do a lot of research online to get an idea of prices and avoid the high pressure situations that come with a car salesman.

Set a spending limit before shopping for your new car. It is easy to get swayed by pushy salesmen or a nice leather interior, but it is important that you stay within your budget. You may like the cause of spending extra, but you will not like it when it comes time to pay for it.

Never shop for a car based on what you want to pay monthly. Most car sellers will try to help you shop around a monthly payment. This means they can put you in a car that is not what you want by telling you it is what you can afford. The only one who wins is the dealership.

When in the finance office, read your final contract thoroughly. Many dealerships will try to rush you through this step, and they may change important information or financing terms as a result. Make sure the terms are exactly what you agreed to. If they are not, ask them to make changes before you sign anything.

When purchasing a car, you don't want to tie yourself down to one specific model. Give yourself some flexibility in color and even in the car itself. If you do this, you will be able to pick up a great deal, even if it was not the first car you considered.

Do you feel better about negotiating a deal on a car now? You should! Take the tips you've read with you, and learn more as you go along so that you won't suffer the grasp of the salesman. It's time you found the deal that is right for you and your family.

Learning To Ride A Motorcycle Is Fun

Learning to ride a motorcycle can be an extremely fun, liberating and incredible experience. Well, although motorcycling can be great fun, it is important to approach motorbike lessons with a lot of caution and respect. Having such an attitude will not only ensure that you are entering this thrilling high-risk activity with self-preservation and thoughtfulness, but it'll also make the entire process even much more enjoyable.

With that being said, it is important to note that no one is ever really finished with learning how to ride a motorcycle. Whether you're a new fresh beginner, or you have been riding for ages, there's always something more to learn in addition to what you already know. There's no bike rider in the world who is skilled enough to an extent that he/she has got nothing new to learn. As a matter of fact, bike riding involves constant learning and continuous honing of your biking skills. Just like the stunt bike riders keep practicing their moves each and every day, the common riders should be constantly and continuously improving their core competencies. Visit this website for more information.

For instance, there are many police officers who go for special motorcycle training twice a year. The objective isn't only to become much better riders; it is to keep their riding capabilities at a particular skill level, and also to get rid of any bad habits which might have sneaked in. So, if you are an ordinary motorcycle rider, it is very important to keep learning and training, and the best time to train/learn how to ride your scooter or motorcycle better is right now.


  • As eager to ride the bike as you might be, it always pays to be willing to learn more and to keep your wild and adventurous side at bay.
  • Find a friend who is skilled at motorcycling and train with him/her. He/she can help you hone your riding skills.
  • Find a good motorcycle training course. Motorcycle training courses are very informative and will help you learn the safe and proper way to enjoy motorcycling.
  • Always remember to wear your biking safety gear before you go out riding. Motorcycle safety gear includes; gloves, helmet, eye protection, over the ankle shoes, among others.
  • Always familiarize yourself with your bike or motorcycle. You should make sure you know exactly where all the bike controls are, and you can reach them comfortably, without having to look down.
  • When practicing om your own, always find a wide, clear and open space.

Hovercrafts For Sale With A Choice Of Engines

There's a lot of talk out there about personal hovercraft material and construction techniques which tend to focus on the skirt and the hull, which of course have undergone big changes over the past 6 or 7 years, but the all-important engines are often not talked about, or at least, not extensively. In the past, large passenger hovercraft were driven by multiple engines. Huge ones for proving lift and slightly smaller ones for forward thrust. The RN101 hovercraft which first saw service across the British Channel in the 60s, had four massive Rolls Royce engines mounted and equally spaced across the deck, one in each corner of the air cushioned craft.

Several more Roll-Royce state-of-the-art engines were hoisted well above the deck at the rear and drove the monster at about 100 kmph. The noise must have been formidable and it rocked around a lot - the channel can be very choppy indeed. The Russian monster Zubr class hovercraft is the biggest yet ever built and has 7 engines. Three high temperature gas turbine engines are shrouded at the rear of the craft and four are used for creating lift for the air cushion. This monster can carry up to 400 troops and 20 tanks within it's cargo hold.

Small personal hovercraft may have one or two engines, depending upon payload which means number of passengers and equipment combined - more here Hovery Leisure Hovercraft . This figure is very important t ensure that there is enough power to lift the hovercraft off water when fully loaded - this is called getting over the hump and is a critical test of hovercraft efficiency. Paradoxically, it takes about 30% of the power required to lift a helicopter of equivalent weight, but three times the hovering power to get over the hump when resting on water. Generally, hovercraft over 6 seats have two engines, one for lift and one for forward thrust.

Finally, there is a choice of the kind of engine you can have when you buy a hovercraft. The smaller variety craft can have either two stroke or four stroke engines. Two stroke are cheaper, but the four stroke are more powerful for the same weight and smoother. Neither of these are water cooled, as the goal is keep all systems as simple as possible. An exciting third option is now appearing for some lighter craft such as the Hovery, which is an inflatable craft designed by a Brazilian pilot, and that is an electric motor.

Boat Batteries: How To Stay Afloat

When it comes to boat batteries, it is important to choose the right one. Whether the battery is running the accessories on the boat or powering the engine, having the proper power is crucial. When it comes time to find the best choice for your vessel, use the information that follows.

When deciding on a boat battery, it is important that you know that you should pay special attention this powering source. While you can switch batteries out and power the boat, it is not good for your boat or your battery and can cause substantial damage. It can kill the battery by overheating and can also damage other mechanical features of the boat.

First of all, you need to decide what type of battery you need. There are many factors that will help you determine your needs and it depends on the size of the boat and what you are wanting to power.

Are you needing to power your depth finder, fish locator, trolling motor, or bilge pump? If you are, you may consider deep cycle batteries. This option is best for heavy charge and discharge cycling.

Another battery option is starting marine boat batteries. This one is best for turning over either the inboard or outboard speedboat motor as they have the power to kick over nearly horsepower engine.

If you need a battery to simply start your boat and manage minor accessories, such as the stereo or radio, you should look at dual purpose options that will give you cycling capabilities and starting power.

While having the proper battery for your boat is crucial, maintaining the battery during off-season is important, too. When you provide the necessary maintenance, your battery will offer you extended running time and last much longer. Try your best to keep the battery charged as it should not be stored in its discharged state.

Other powering options for boats are helpful, too. You can find custom cables and jump packs, along with battery boxes that will keep your boat running and in great shape.

In conclusion, finding the right battery for your boat and your needs is very important. You can use the information shared here or visit a local battery shop to help you find the perfect option. While you can likely power up your boat with just about any battery, choosing the right one is the best choice.


Which Engine Is Better - Petrol Or Diesel?

The subject of whether to go petrol or diesel is about as old as the car itself. It's an imperative choice and something that requires a touch of exploration in light of the fact that there are a bigger number of elements in play here than you may might know of.

In this article we take you through the issues, and round up with a contextual investigation to demonstrate to you the elements you ought to be considering.


Truly, diesel cars have been more efficient than petrol cars. They essentially burn fuel in a more effective way, which implies that fuel is less utilized per mile.

All things considered, with the presentation of higher-tech turbo charging system the petrol engine is a lot more advanced and well performing then diesel engine. When all is said and done, you'll discover petrol engine is more proficient than diesel over a medium-to-long haul of possession in the event that your car is not going to experience long run. But if you travel a lot on highways and for longer duration of time then diesel is the right choice for you.

At the pumps you'll discover diesel is additionally more costly than petrol, which decreases the inlet between the two and again means doing the math.

Tax assessment-

Identified with efficiency is the CO2 yield of the car being referred to, which obviously has an immediate effect on car tax of that company. Diesels discharge less carbon dioxide, and in this manner cost less to charge. Since 2002 this distinction has been reviewed by the Government through the 3 percent diesel demand on Benefit in Kind tax, since CO2 isn't the main emission and diesels radiate different nastiest substances which must also be accounted in order to get complete picture.

That 3 percent extra charge will drop off in the 2016/17 tax year, be that as it may, in light of the fact that diesel cars now need to fit in with far stricter emission regulations and in this manner all have particulate channels introduced.

Another variable is that diesel cars are by and large more costly to purchase than petrol cars, so you'll have to figure that your duty computations as well.


Its a very well know fact that petrol cars are far superior to drive than diesel cars. The primary explanation behind this is that diesel autos have a much smaller power band, so you get more torque yet spread over a littler area. This issue is opened up by turbocharging, which is utilized on all diesel motors nowadays to enhance effectiveness.You can now learn to drive with either engine variant with The Glasgow City Driving School.

The upshot of this is that you normally need to wait for the turbocharger to 'wake up' before the cars performance is unleashed for a brief timeframe. After the surge, it's a great opportunity to change outfit again as the torque decreases.

To compare to petrol engine, where in the primary the force manufactures in connection to the revs, which means more usable power a greater amount of the time. It's greatly fulfilling pursuing the needle to the red line on a petrol auto, yet regardless of the fact that you're not putting it all on the line, it's difficult to overlook the surplus usable force you have over a comparative diesel. Petrol motors are additionally smoother than diesels, however producers, for example, Jaguar and Audi are currently assembling bigger limit diesels which are verging on sleek.

In the event that there is an ideal example for a fruitful picture makeover in the car business, then diesel fuel is it. In short request it has gone from messy, malodorous truck fuel to driving the champs of the prestigious Le Mans 24 Hours race for as long as five years.

Out and about, diesel deals are rising and hint at no backing off. In Europe they have overwhelmed petrol models for a few makers and they could do likewise here. Since 2005, general offers of diesel-controlled vehicles have practically multiplied in Australia. The development is much more sensational on the off chance that you take a gander at traveler auto deals. A year ago, brands sold five times the same number of diesel-controlled traveler autos as they did in 2005, despite the fact that they represent less than 7 for every penny of the aggregate. Purchasers have been attracted by cleaner, more fuel-effective diesel motors. Numerous are currently as smooth and tranquil as a petrol motor.

They are presently found in each kind of vehicle, as well, from conservative city autos as far as possible up to extravagant limos, for example, the Jaguar XJ. They've likewise ended up energetic. Audi and Peugeot, which have utilized diesel-controlled models to win Le Mans, even offer their TT and RCZ sports autos with diesel motors.

The explanation behind the surge in diesel prevalence is straightforward: better mileage at negligible cost. Regularly, a diesel is 20 to 30 for every penny more productive than a comparable petrol motor. Be that as it may, there are some exchange offs. Diesel motors radiate more harmful gasses and CO2 per liter of fuel utilized than petrol-controlled autos. Notwithstanding, in light of the fact that diesels utilize less fuel, they can transmit less CO2 after some time.

Expense is another enormous variable in the diesel versus petrol banter about. Diesel models as a rule charge around a $2000 premium over their petrol proportionate. Furthermore, since the diesel versus petrol decision is regularly determined by the hip pocket, fuel costs are a component. Diesel has generally tended to be the more costly yet the equalization is tipping, particularly so with numerous European petrol models requesting more costly premium unleaded.


There are many factors that need to be considered while selecting the engine of the car, petrol is has better performance where as diesel is more efficient, but the most important fact remains that it will all boil down to the use of the car, if your use is more than diesel is the right choice but if you are planning a car for city use then go for petrol.

What Are The Various Advantages Of Buying A Used Automobile Versus A New Vehicle?

Now it's the right time for you personally to get a new car and you're actually thinking whether or not you should purchase a used automobile or a new one. While brand new vehicles have
their unique charm there are several benefits of choosing a used automobile. Largely, automobile dealers would actually try and offer to you a brand new vehicle as they get a higher commission
especially when the car is a top of the line model nevertheless if you have got a range of pre-owned automobiles to choose from then you should think carefully about getting a 100% brand new car.

Even before we consider the various benefits of buying pre-owned automobiles it is of the essence to point out the one detail that you must keep in mind is exactly how the car has been taken care of
up to now. You must get an automobile that was owned by an individual that has a history of caring for it. One dealership in particular has a tremendous history of caring and offers the
best Elkhart used cars in the state of Indiana.

The primary advantage of purchasing a pre-owned car is the simple fact that you'll spend a lot less. Though most people do not know it, the cash difference, on average, between a second-hand and a 100% brand new automobile is about $20,000. Nowadays most consumers do not possess that sort of cash on hand, it is unnecessary to spend that amount of funds when it is easy to get the same convenience
with a second-hand car.

It's factual that the rates of interest on used vehicles are greater, however it is not by much. On a 100% brand new automobile you'll get approximately 4% whereas on a brand new car you will get real close to the same rate comparatively at 4.99%.

A used automobile obviously has a track record where you already know of course that someone has utilized the car and that it works properly. So long as you get a maintenance record to indicate that the car has been maintained consistently you'll be all right and know what you are getting.

A pre-owned vehicle has way less depreciation compared to a brand new car. When a car is sold and moved off the lot you instantaneously lose about 25% of its original price. That is certainly tons of value lost and you really need to think about that. In the event you buy a pre-owned car, however, it can depreciate in actual value although not as instantly or as severe. If you sell it again after some time you would get most of your cash investment back.

You don't pay for taxes when it comes to used automobiles at all. This is certainly a fact that a lot of states generally don't emphasize. Find out just how much tax you have to pay for on a second-hand vehicle in your own state of residence and find out the amount of cash you will be saving. This factor should enter into your decision making process as a key advantage for being a used car over a new one.

The registration costs for new automobiles are high and decrease slowly in the first couple of years. In case you get a second-hand car you won't shell out a lot in registration expenses upfront like with a new car and they are going to decrease annually.

Whenever you acquire a pre-owned car you will be getting lots of accessories that you simply don't need. Sellers are intelligent and so they would like to get the most from you and your wallet. These people do this by adding add-ons or accessories to new cars and then charging you for these items. You actually should not spend money for items that you simply generally don't need. Again, with a used car, your not paying for add-ons, another benefit.

Think carefully before you purchase a brand new car a used car would definitely do just fine plus it even has quite a lot of benefits and dramatically lower costs.

Did You Know That You Can Sell Your Car Privately?

If you have a vehicle that you are no longer interested in owning, then you have many options when it comes to getting the car, truck or van off of your hands. You can look at the various choices that are available to you in order to decide which is the best for you to do. Of course, you may not want to limit yourself to only one form of selling, unless you have a particular reason for not wanting to engage in any but the one.

One of the ways that you may be able to get the unwanted car out of your garage or driveway is to sell it privately. This means that you will be selling it directly to someone without any advertising or other forms of getting the word out that you have a car that you no longer want to own. Of course, if you are going to do this, you have to have a person who is interested and able to buy the car or it simply will not work.

Quite often, when a person such as yourself or someone similar has a car or other type of vehicle that they are wanting to sell, they tell the people that they know about the intention. This may just be in casual conversation at the water cooler at work or after church during a potluck dinner. Friends and family are often alerted in the regular chit chat that people have with those close to them regarding their day and how life is going in general.

Any of these forms of communication alert others about the intention to sell the car. Should one of them be in need of purchasing a car and yours falls within the parameters of their desires and budget, then you may be making your private sale right then. Alternatively, these individuals may know someone who needs a car and yours happens to fit the bill of what that person is seeking. In this instance, one of the people that you have spoken with may communicate with the person that they know, and provide you with a connection where you will still be making a private sale to someone.

If you are ready to get that car out of your hair, and your driveway, then you need to find a way to get it sold fast.